ORINFOR was established in 1973 to operate radio and TV. Today almost 500 employees work through the coordination of ORINFOR to secure access to a broad and diverse spectrum of information relevant to all religious and other groups making up today's society of Rwanda. ORINFOR serves as an umbrella for the three main national news, and media organizations including TV and Radio Rwanda.
1.PECIPHO - center for information- and newsprint, from where also the two newspapers 'La Nouvelle Releve' and Imvaho' are published. 2. RADIO RWANDA - broadcasting news and information in English, French, Kiswahili and Kinyarwanda as well as music- and cultural programs 24 hrs, from a spectrum of origin reaching from Arab to European and other western countries. 3. TV RWANDA - covering a broad spectrum of entertainment, debate- and cultural programs.
Radiodiffusion T élévision Sénégalaise (RTS)
La télévision est introduite au Sénégal en 1963 avec l’assistance de l’UNESCO, dans le cadre d’un projet pilote dont l’objet était de produire et de tester des supports audiovisuels, pédagogiques et des équipements pour l’éducation des adultes, y compris l’alphabétisme.
Les émissions débutent en 1965 avec des programmes d’hygiène, et de diététique, et cesseront en 1972 à la faveur des Jeux Olympiques de Munich. Cet événement sportif de dimension mondiale accélère la naissance de la Télévision Sénégalaise opérationnelle, ce qui conduit l’Etat Sénégalais à créer un organisme capable de gérer la Radio et la Télévision : l’Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision du Sénégal (ORTS).
La loi 73-51 du 04 Décembre 1973 créée l’Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision du Sénégal (ORTS) et les conditions de son développement fulgurant.Deux émetteurs de 10kW sont installés à Thiès, suivit d’un de 10 kW à Tambacounda, puis en 1986 de celui de Ziguinchor. Louga étrennera le sien en 1990.Forte de tout cet héritage, la Radio Télévision Sénégalaise abordera un tournant décisif marqué par son passage d’Etablissement Public à caractère administratif à celui de Société Nationale. Le développement de son réseau de diffusion, l’amélioration sensible de ses moyens de production, et l’installation de ses services dans un nouveau cadre, la Nouvelle Maison de la Radio, sont des indices r évélateurs de sa marche vers le succès.
Sahara Communications, Tanzania
Radio Free Africa founded on 28th August, 1995 went on air in Mwanza on 89.8 MHz (Stereo) covering Lake Victoria areas; fully programming started in January, 1996 with entertaining programmes covering about 90% of its airtime.
Seychelles Broadcasting Corporation
The Seychelles Broadcasting Corporation (SBC) is the national public service broadcaster of Seychelles. The mandate of the SBC is to be a principal medium for the dissemination of information, education and entertainment. The corporation is also required to be independent and impartial in its radio and television broadcasting services that extend throughout the country.
As the national public broadcaster, the SBC targets the entire population, but some of its programmes aim at specific audience segments such as children, the youth, senior citizens, farmers, housewives, etc.
Key objectives of the SBC as set out by the Seychelles Broadcasting Bill emphasize that the corporation shall employ radio and television broadcasting services to disseminate information; educate and entertain in all three languages – Creole, English and French; contribute to the development of knowledge, civic rights, duties, and responsibilities of the population and promote a sense of initiative; and ensure that its programmes appeal to the aspirations, needs and tastes of the audiences.
In a sense, there has been an implicit commitment towards HIV/AIDS-related programming despite the absence of a “formal commitment”. Both radio and television broadcasting services offer free airtime for the HIV/AIDS spots provided by the Ministry of Health, and give regular coverage to HIV/AIDS-related issues and events in their newscasts. Also, from time to time SBC organizes, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, panel discussions on HIV/AIDS trends and prevention efforts in the country.
The Southern African Broadcasting Association
The Southern African Broadcasting Association (SABA) is a non-profit, non-governmental umbrella organisation comprising of commercial, private, community and public broadcasting enterprises in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. SABA was launched in November 1993 with the objective of enhancing the professionalism and the credibility of public broadcasting in the region.
One of the primary objectives of the organisation is to promote the development of quality broadcasting and excellence among broadcasters in southern Africa as well as organise cooperative activities including training, staff and other exchanges among members. SABA provides platforms for professional dialogue and technical advancement among radio and television broadcasters while also facilitating the collective participation of regional broadcasters in new technologies and the acquisition of sporting and other rights. The organisation acts as a regional lobby on common broadcasting interests including the transformation of state/national broadcasters to genuine public service broadcasters.
SABA's membership includes equipment suppliers and other players in the broadcasting industry in the territories of the SADC region. SABA covers Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mauritius, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the island state of Seychelles. Its sphere of activity has been extended to community, private and commercial broadcasters in the SADC region, the rest of Africa and other continents. The SABA headquarters is located in Johannesburg, South Africa.
South African Broadcasting Corporation
The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is the country’s national broadcaster and is mandated to provide a comprehensive range of distinctive programmes and services aimed at all ages and cultures, through the eleven official languages of South Africa.
Its programme themes cover information, education and entertainment and the broadcaster is committed to securing fair and equal treatment for all cultural groupings in the country.
The SABC comprises two public broadcasting television stations and two commercial television stations. Forty million South African listeners are served around the clock by the SABC's national radio network which comprises 18 radio stations. Fifteen of these are dedicated specifically to public service broadcasting and include 11 full spectrum stations, one in each of the official languages of South Africa.
The SABC has a distinct funding mix. Commercial sources provide the bulk of annual operating revenue with 76 per cent being derived from advertising and sponsorship. Eight per cent is raised through hiring of broadcast facilities and equipment, and 16 per cent from TV licence fees. State funding may on occasion assist in the funding mix according to government initiatives.
The SABC believes that the HIV/AIDS epidemic can be decisively managed if efforts of all sectors and spheres of society and at all levels of business and government are combined. The broadcaster is the most powerful tool for partnering with government initiatives in this regard, and television and radio stations are engaged in developing and flighting programmes that promote prevention, care and destigmatisation. These are aimed particularly at youth, with no exclusions based on gender, background or race.. In this endeavour the SABC is guided by the South African constitution.
Sudanese Radio and Television Corporation
Swaziland Broadcasting and Information Services
Department of Broadcasting and Information Services is responsible for disseminating news and information aimed at educating, informing and entertaining the Swazi nation effectively and impartially for purposes of development and social welfare through radio broadcasts and publications.
Swaziland Television Authority
The Company and Television Station today known as Swaziland Television Authority has existed for 28 years. It was officially opened in February 1978 by His Majesty, the late King Sobhuza II and it existed by the name Swaziland Television Broadcasting Corporation (STBC).The TV station was a private owned TV station belonging to an electronic group company based in the United Kingdom.
The company was given a monopoly in all television gadgets or equipment; as a result, they also opened a television rental operating under Vision Hire, a subsidiary company.In 1983, the Swaziland Government bought the television station and an Act of Parliament of 1983 was established where Swaziland Television Broadcasting Cooperation changed its name to Swaziland Television Authority which was then a public broadcaster. STVA is a Public Broadcaster and it has its main objective and responsibility is to inform, educate and entertain the public. This means that it has a central responsibility to inform, entertain and educate. All the activities and departments of the organization have this objective as their central focus.
Tanzania Broadcasting Services
Independent Television LTD, Tanzania
Launched in 1994, Independent Television LTD (ITV) is a private broadcasting station owned wholly by the IPP Group of companies in Tanzania. It has rapidly grown to become a leading entity in the electronic media sector in Tanzania. The IPP group also owns radio stations as well as print media.
ITV is the first television station in Tanzania to broadcast terrestrially and via satellite, and reaches more people and more locations than any other television station in East and Central Africa. Driven wholly by advertising, the station reaches the whole of Tanzania and enjoys a 63 per cent share of the national viewership. ITV’s audiences are made up of a cross-section of the population, cutting across race, gender and economic status. ITV produces 62 per cent of its programmes locally and in Kiswahilli, the national language.
Independent Television LTD covers HIV/AIDS-related stories in its news bulletins and also produces a monthly hour-long documentary called ‘This is AIDS’. The programme is dedicated to documenting the fight against AIDS all over Tanzania and in 2003 it won the CNN Africa Journalist Award in the Medical Category. The television station also broadcasts other programmes, songs and public service announcements that focus on HIV/AIDS.
La TV est un outil de communication qui séduit plus d’une personne dans tous les coins de la planète. Aujourd’hui dans tous les pays du monde entier ce joyau si fragil mais plein de pouvoir existe pour le bonheur des uns et des autres.Le TOGO pays situé en Afrique occidentale sur les cotes du Golfe de Guinée s’est doté de cet instrument fondamentale pour toute action de développement en 1973.
La tour qui est le symbole de la TVT, très visible en altitude partout où l’on se trouve au sud de la ville de Lomé, sert de relais entre l’émission des images et leur reception sur les postes téléviseurs dans les ménages depuis le 31 Juillet 1973.La mission qui est assignée à la TVT à sa naissance en 1969, était celle d’appuyer et de soutenir la politique nationale de développement en informant, en éduquant et en sensibilisant la population afin d’obtenir son adhésion à la politique socio-culturelle et économique. Une mission qui aujourd’hui encore démeure.Son inauguration le 31 Juillet 1973 parle feu président Gnassigbé Eyadema voyait la consécration du cygle RTMN (Radio diffusion Télévision de la Nouvelle Marche) comme dénominateur commun entre les trois organes que sont Radio Lomé, Radio Kara et TVT plac és sous tutelle du ministère de l’information.
Uganda Broadcasting Corporation
Uganda Television and Radio Uganda, the current Uganda Broadcasting Corporation, was born in 1963 one year after Uganda’s Independence. Its main aim was to broadcast through both mediums to the whole country.
Throughout the years, since independence Uganda was plagued by civil war. As a result many institutions, including the national broadcaster were reduced to a rundown state. It is with this background, of years of neglect, that the Ugandan Government saw the need to restructure the former Uganda Television and Radio Uganda. As a result Parliament passed the Uganda Broadcasting Corporation Act that established the Uganda Broadcasting Corporation in 2005. This transformed the former UTV and Radio Uganda into the now existent Uganda Broadcasting Corporation. The Corporation started its activities on the 16th of November 2005.The main aims of the Corporation are to develop the former Radio Uganda and UTV into a public national broadcasting center of excellence, for the purpose of providing electronic media and consultancy services that educate and guide the public. It also aims at achieving and sustaining comprehensive national radio and television coverage.
Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation
Zimbabwe Broadcasting Holdings
Newsnet (Private) Limited was born out of the unbundling of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation in December 2003 and as a subsidiary of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Holdings. Its major mandate is to provide News and Current Affairs programming to radio and television channels under ZBH and any other broadcasters that may require such programming as well as provide services as a multi-media news agency.
Newsnet's main objectives are:- Set up Newsnet as a self-sustaining and financing business entity - Generate return on investment, grow at a challenging and manageable rate, and to be a good corporate citizen.