Radio Lesotho was established on 7th September, 1964. It started with a 660 watts transmitter, as the department of broadcasting directly under the control of the Prime Minister's office. Since then, the department has been a significant part of government in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
The Lesotho National Broadcasting Service (LNBS) or Radio Lesotho started operating earnestly in 1966 when Lesotho gained independence from the British rule with a 10Kw medium wave transmitter, a 10 kw short wave transmitter and 1kw Fm transmitter. As it was not fully fleshed at the time, Radio Lesotho did not have its own transmitters and as a result had to resort to paying the Roman catholic church for transmission.The broadcast initially was a 2hour session a day, from 6:00am to 7:00am and 6:00pm to 7:00pm. As time went by and with improvements that the ministry imposed on the station, people started listening to Radio Lesotho.Radio Lesotho has acquired 2 fifty medium wave transmitters and 1(100kw) short wave transmitters, which are able to cover almost the entire country.
Radio Lesotho has the latest invention studio, a fully equipped Outside Broadcast Van (O.B. van) to conduct live presentations and shows in the remote areas of the country, be it news events, sports etc.Radio Lesotho as a government medium, sources its income from adverts run in between programmes which are paid for by different sectors of the community, and also the government finances all activities and pays for any other things within the Ministry. The commercial department of the station was established in 1972. Radio programmes regardless of whether they are run by other government ministries are paid for as a way of sourcing revenue for the station to keep on running.
ELBC was officially opened on January 1, 1960. Since the establishment of the station in 1960, massive efforts have been exerted by government for the development of a national broadcasting entity in the country. This effort bore fruits in the 1980’s when the government of the United States of America through its development arm USAID assisted the Government of Liberia to set up the Rural Communications Network called Liberia Rural Communications Network (LRCN). With the establishment of the rural broadcasting division, the Government of the People’s Redemption Council, established the Liberia Broadcasting Corporation to the Liberia Broadcasting System, in October, 1980. In 1979, the Government of Liberia secured a grant from the Japanese Government to rehabilitate the main administration and studio building to international standards. Both the TV and Radio studios were furnished with modern state-of-the-art equipment and studio facilities. However, the civil war of the 1990’s vandalized all the facilities of the system all around the country.
At present, there are no television equipment and studio facilities, as well as no medium (MW) & short wave (SW) facilities and equipment. The system is presently transmitting on an FM Transmitter (FM-99.9)
Office de la radiodiffusion
et de la television de Madagascar
(Madagascar National Radio and Television Madagascar)
The public broadcaster on the island of Madagascar incorporates Madagascar National Radio (RNM) and Television Madagascar (TVM). Both stations broadcast to a population of just more than 18 million.
The mandate of the public broadcaster is to provide information, education and entertainment to all citizens, with the aim of promoting the development and productivity of the country.
Presently the public broadcaster receives 80 per cent of its funds from commercial sponsorship and through advertising sales. The government contributes 17,5 per cent of the broadcaster’s budget in the form of a subsidy.
Programme content includes sport, current affairs, talk shows, music, theatre and film.
HIV/AIDS education has been a priority for several years. Both RNM and TVM are committed to delivering quality programmes that communicate effective messages about HIV/AIDS. The broadcaster works closely with the National Committee to Combat HIV/AIDS, a government initiative, and broadcasts its campaigns to people of all ages. Its programmes are in keeping with the national government’s strategy to promote awareness among all citizens along with information about prevention in order to limit the negative impact that HIV/AIDS has on the development of the country.
The Malawi Broadcasting Corporation is a public broadcaster under the jurisdiction of the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA). MACRA was established pursuant to Section 3 of the Communications Act, 1998 of the Laws of Malawi to assume the regulatory functions of the communications sector which had been performed by the Malawi Telecommunications Corporation Limited.
MACRA is among the three institutions established following the dissolution of the former Malawi Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (MPTC) with responsibilities for licensing telecommunications, postal and broadcasting operators, settling disputes among operators, approving tariffs, promoting and monitoring free and fair competition, allocating and managing the radio frequency spectrum, managing the numbering plan, type approving terminal equipment and protecting the consumers.
TVM is wholly owned by Malawi Government and run as a Corporation with limited liability to its Board of Directors appointed by Malawi Government. Currently, Television Malawi derives its mandate from the MBC Act (1991) which also incorporates television broadcasting. Under Section 12 (a) of this Act, MBC is mandated to carry on radio and television broadcasting services for the information, education and entertainment of radio listeners and television viewers in Malawi.
The Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation’s (MBC) mandate is to inform, educate and entertain the nation. The MBC is rooted in national commitment. This stems from the introduction of television broadcasting, which was seen as a tool for consolidating the spirit of nationhood and facing the challenges of independence. Later, the MBC was seen as a tool to stimulate socio-economic development and cultural synthesis.
As a public broadcasting service, the MBC aims to target the populations of Mauritius and Rodrigues at large. It manages this through ensuring that programmes are broadcast in a wide variety of languages ranging from English and French through to Hindustani, Creole and Chinese. The MBC also uses a wide range of media to transmit messages including television, radio and magazines.
The largest proportion (approximately 68 per cent) of MBC’s budget is made up of licensing fees. Another 28 per cent of the budget is derived from advertising revenue and a further 4 per cent from other income.
With its history of being involved in addressing the key issues of the nation, the MBC is committed to sensitizing its audience around the dangers of HIV/AIDS. It does this primarily through a commitment to reporting on HIV/AIDS issues and broad coverage of rallies and other events relating to the disease. MBC has both a local and international focus on HIV/AIDS and is committed to ensuring that the population is informed of worldwide developments as well as local developments on this front.
Metro TV is a private TV station in Ghana and a must–watch for viewers across the demographic divide who are discerning, active and appreciative of family oriented programming embracing values in entertainment, news, current affairs, business and sports.
Electronic Media Network Limited was founded in 1985 as South
Africa's first private subscription television service. The first
comprising one 12-hour channel, went out in October 1986.
Today, M-Net boasts an array of general entertainment and niche channels and broadcasts to over 1,23 million subscribers in 41 countries across Africa. M-Net’s mission is 'to create the best television entertainment in Africa and beyond'. To this effect M-Net has invested significantly in local productions, which are set to make Africa a significant player on the entertainment global arena. Productions such as Studio 53 are set to captivate audiences from Cape to Cairo and indeed the rest of the world.
Instituto de Comunicacao Social, Mozambique
O ICS - Instituto da Comunicação Social, criado pelo Decreto-Lei n.º 34/97, de 31 de Janeiro, é uma pessoa colectiva de direito público com a natureza de instituto público, dotada de autonomia administrativa e patrimonial, funcionando sob superintendência do membro do Governo responsável pela área da comunicação social.
Reparte o essencial da sua intervenção pela colaboração em matéria de definição, execução e avaliação das políticas de comunicação social, pela participação, em articulação com o Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros, na definição e execução da política externa nacional para o sector, bem como pela aplicação do sistema de incentivos do Estado à comunicação social, a gestão e disponibilização de acervos documentais sobre o sector, a administração das instalações do Palácio Foz e a valorização e animação cultural dos seus espaços nobres.
A Rádio Moçambique foi criada a 2 de Outubro de 1975, ano da nacionalização dos órgãos de produção e emissão radiofónica então existentes em Moçambique.No quadro das transformações introduzidas pela Constituição de 1990, foi aprovada a Lei n.º 18/91, de 10 de Agosto, conhecida por Lei de Imprensa, a qual estabelece, no n.º 1 do seu artigo 11, que a radiodifusão nacional integra o sector público da Imprensa. Tendo em conta o novo contexto político e legal que rege a comunicação social, foi necessário adequar a estrutura, organização e funcionamento da Rádio Moçambique aos princípios e normas reguladoras das Empresas Públicas que constam da Lei n.º 17/91, de 3 de Agosto.
Nestes termos, ao abrigo da Lei acima citada a Rádio Moçambique é transformada em Empresa Pública, com a denominação de Rádio Moçambique E.P., também designada abreviadamente por RM.A Rádio Moçambique – E.P. é uma Empresa dotada de autonomia financeira, administrativa e patrimonial.São órgãos da Empresa: o Conselho de Administração, dirigido por um Presidente e 4 Administradores, o Conselho Fiscal e a Direcção Executiva (que integra os Directores de Informação, Programas, Transmissão, Estúdios, Recursos Humanos e Formação, Comercial, Financeiro, Administrativo, Gabinete Jurídico). Na sua estrutura orgânica a RM conta também com dez Emissores Provinciais, Departamentos, Serviços e Sectores, quatro rádios locais e a Escola da Rádio.No período entre 1995/2003 a Rádio Moçambique investiu na modernização da sua rede de emissores. Em onda média a área de cobertura no período diurno alargou de 20% para 64% do território e no nocturno para 100%, como resultado de uma potência instalada de 580 KW.
Em frequência modulada a potência instalada é de 30 KW e a cobertura atinge 35% do território nacional. O sinal da Antena Nacional é também captado por via satélite pelas Rádios Comunitárias que, por sua iniciativa, retransmitem diariamente os principais magazines informativos.São dez (10) os centros de produção, cobertos por 40 estúdios de emissão, montagem, gravação musical e um estúdio auditório com capacidade para 200 pessoas. Vinte e dois grupos geradores fornecem energia aos centos emissores e de produção sempre que há cortes de energia. A RM integra cerca 800 profissionais à escala nacional, entre jornalistas, locutores e outros ligados aos serviços técnicos, administração, finanças, publicidade e recursos humanos.A primeira emissão de rádio em Moçambique foi transmitida no dia 18 de Março de 1933, por iniciativa dum grupo de entusiastas. Funcionando em pequenos períodos de emissão, e por decisão do Governo da época, esta Estação Emissora foi designada de Grémio dos Radiófilos da Colónia de Moçambique - GRCM.
Televisao de Mocambique (TM) is the public broadcaster in Mozambique servicing almost two-thirds of the population of just more than 18 million people. Its mandate is to provide quality content through its broadcasting services.
TM presently receives 60 per cent of its budget in the form of a government subsidy. The balance of its running costs are raised through advertising and commercial sources.
As the public broadcaster TM has a commitment to educate and inform the citizens of Mozambique about HIV/AIDS. It does this through programmes that focus on prevention, access to treatment and combating the stigma that is still unfortunately associated with AIDS. All age groups are targeted, but there is particular emphasis on programming that tackles issues relevant to youth and women.
Formats include talk shows, such as the popular Vamos a quebrar o silencio (Let’s break the silence), and edutainment and dramas such as Defesa da vida (Defend Life), Vida Positiva (Positive Life) and some episodes of the popular Soul City series from South Africa. TM also occasionally flights films that deal with HIV/AIDS.
STV - SOICO Televisão é uma estação de televisão privada moçambicana. A STV foi lançada em 2002 e transmite 24 horas de emissão. Actualmente, a STV cobre as províncias de Maputo cidade, Maputo provincía, Gaza, Inhambane e Sofala.A STV é uma televisão criativa e inovadora, que age dentro dos padrões de honrabilidade e transparência. A STV foi considerada a melhor televisão de 2004 pela revista TV Zine.
Um dos factores que contribuiu para esta distinção é a qualidade da informação difundida nos seus blocos noticiosos e os debates de caracter político, económico e social promovidos pela estação.A STV também possui uma programação de elevada qualidade, que é resultado das parcerias estratégicas existentes com a Rede Globo e Canal Futura (Canais de televisão brasileiros). As parcerias garantem elevada audiência no horário nobre, através da exibição televisiva das melhores novelas e seríados, e conteúdo de caracter educativo para os telespectadores.
A STV desde a sua criação tem transmitido eventos nacionais e internacionais de grande prestígio. É exemplo disto, a transmissão do Europeu de futebol do ano 2004.No plano social tem participado activamente em causas relacionadas com o HIV-SIDA e outras campanhas promovidas por organizações governamentais e não-governamentais. A atribuição de um certificado de mérito conferido pelo PSI Jeito, é um dos exemplos do reconhecimento da sociedade moçambicana do esforço desenvolvido pela estação de televisão em causas sociais.
The Namibian Broadcasting Corporation is a public broadcasting service that has a mission to inform, entertain and educate the people of Namibia. The aim of the corporation is to promote peace and unity in a manner that is relevant to the development needs of the country. The corporation runs a television service that covers 60 per cent of the population and a radio service that reaches about 90 per cent of the 1.8 million people of Namibia.
HIV/AIDS is a national concern in Namibia and as the national public broadcaster, the Namibian Broadcasting Corporation has the responsibility to educate and inform the people of Namibia about the disease. The corporation’s television and radio services carry out awareness campaigns and provide means for the dissemination of information on HIV/AIDS. The radio service broadcasts in all the indigenous languages in the country. It transmits weekly programmes on the disease and regular short messages that emphasize preventative measures in particular. In addition, the radio news bulletins that are translated into the indigenous languages carry a sizeable number of HIV/AIDS-related stories.
The television service has nine local programmes that are being broadcast in English, and in one way or another these all deal with the impact of HIV/AIDS in Namibia. The weekly talk-show, “Talk of the Nation”, regularly features one hour discussions on the disease, especially during the month of December, the month of the World AIDS Day. Among the highlights is the screening of a 13-episode, half-hour series entitled Africa’s Fight Against AIDS, and the screening of an HIV/AIDS drama that emphasizes the importance of continuing ARV treatment. The latter was done in one of the indigenous languages with English sub-titles and was very popular.
The objectives of Broadcasting Organisations of Nigeria are as follows:
- To serve as a meeting point for all Radio and Television Stations including cable and satellite operations in Nigeria.
- To serve as an advisory body to the Federal and State Governments on broadcasting matters.
- To encourage and sustain greater co-operation and collaboration among the broadcasting organizations.
- To seek and utilize available resources for manpower training, research and development, and set training standards.
- To set, regulate and monitor professional standards and ethics of its members.
The Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria is the pioneer broadcast organization in Nigeria with a rich culture of excellence. FRCN has evolved through different stages to become the largest Radio Network in Africa.
Radio Broadcasting was introduced into Nigeria in 1933 by the then Colonial Government. It relayed the overseas service of the British Broadcasting Corporation through wired system with loudspeakers at the listening end. The service was called Radio Diffusion System, RDS. From the RDS emerged the Nigeria Broadcasting Service, NBS in April 1950. The Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation, NBC came into being in April 1957 through an Act of Parliament No. 39 of 1956. In 1978, the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation was re-organized to become the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, FRCN. The Broadcasting Corporation of Northern Nigeria, BCNN, was merged with the NBC stations in Lagos, Ibadan and Enugu to become the present day FRCN.
The Nigerian Television Authority, NTA, is the largest TV Network in Africa as well as one of the oldest and most accomplished indigenous broadcast outfits in Nigeria.The Authority was established in 1977, with the fusion of the first generation television stations across the country into one autonomous organisation.
By December 1979, there were scheduled Television broadcasts from every state capital in the country.The NTA has over the years, distinguished itself as a force in the field of television broadcasting globally. Its quality programmes have received numerous awards at International competitions and festivals.
in 1961, the Voice on Nigeria began as the external service
of the then Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation (now Federal
Radio Corporation of Nigeria). The station was commissioned
by the then Prime Minister and commenced operations on
the first of January 1962.
The nation's growing role in the continent informed the need to have an external channel through which authoritative information about the African situation could be disseminated to the entire world. Even then its transmission, using a 10KW HF transmitter, was limited to West Africa for two hours daily in English and French. Broadcast hours increased to six in 1963 with the commissioning of five prototype RCA 100KW transmitters.
In 1989, five Brown Boveri transmitters with antennae system were acquired. On January 5 1990, VON became autonomous, and in 1996, three 250KW Thomcast AG transmitters were commissioned. This boosted VON's transmission to the entire world. The transmitting station is located on 40 hectares at Ipokodo in Ikorodu, in the South western state of Lagos. While the Administrative Headquarters is in Abuja, the Federal Capital, News and Programmers emanate from both the Lagos and Abuja studios.